Most people never really think about where a website is, or even what a website is. I turn on my computer, open a browser, and go to Google or Amazon or Yahoo. But what am I doing when I "visit" a website? If I'm a visitor, where have I gone?
Chapter 2: Different Types of Hosting
A web server is computer software and underlying hardware that accepts requests via HTTP , the network protocol created to distribute web pages ,  or its secure variant HTTPS. A user agent , commonly a web browser or web crawler , initiates communication by making a request for a specific resource using HTTP, and the server responds with the content of that resource or an error message. The server can also accept and store resources sent from the user agent if configured to do so. A server can be a single computer, or even an embedded system such as a router with a built-in configuration interface, but high-traffic websites typically run web servers on fleets of computers designed to handle large numbers of requests for documents, multimedia files and interactive scripts. A resource sent from a web server can be a preexisting file available to the server, or it can be generated at the time of the request by another program that communicates with the server program. The former is often faster and more easily cached for repeated requests, while the latter supports a broader range of applications. Websites that serve generated content usually incorporate stored files whenever possible. Technologies such as REST and SOAP , which use HTTP as a basis for general computer-to-computer communication, have extended the application of web servers well beyond their original purpose of serving human-readable pages. In March Sir Tim Berners-Lee proposed a new project to his employer CERN , with the goal of easing the exchange of information between scientists by using a hypertext system. Between and , the simplicity and effectiveness of early technologies used to surf and exchange data through the World Wide Web helped to port them to many different operating systems and spread their use among scientific organizations and universities, and subsequently to the industry.
You might have come across a choice of buying or leasing a car. Leasing a car frees you from the high-end purchase cost. Also, you can book a new one if you do not like it. However, if you decide to purchase a car, you will have to bear all the expenses, but you are the owner. Choosing one is tough as both of them have their pros and cons. The situation mentioned above is the same when choosing between an in-house server and cloud hosting services. One of the significant differences between the in-house server and cloud hosting is the housing of their server system. In an in-house server also known as a dedicated server , the infrastructure is set up in the office premises, and you need a dedicated space for the server system.
Servers are a large part of Mindustry in that they offer the ability to play the game with other people. There are two main types of servers; dedicated servers and local LAN servers. Dedicated servers are standalone, headless versions of the game that are focused only on providing a means for people to play Multiplayer. They are usually run on a computer as a separate program rather than in-game, and are operated from the terminal.